The first place which pops into any Indians mind while remembering the sacrifice of brave soldiers of India, is the place called India gate. The place in the capital of India. The relation of sacrifice and India gate is very close. India Gate is constructed as a memorial for the memory 90,000 soldiers who laid down their lives during World War I and second Afghan war in 1919.
Located at Rajpath, New Delhi, it is also known as the All India War Memorial Constructed in sandstone, the gate is 42 meters in height and is popular relaxation area during the summer evenings. For Delhites gate also act as popular picnic spot during winter. The foundation stone of this magnanimous structure was laid in 1921 by the Duke of Connaught and dedicated to the nation in 1931 by the hands of Viceroy, Lord Irwin. The gate has arch at the top .The height of the arch is 87'6" internally and136' externally.
Jama Masjid of Delhi is the largest mosque in India. The Jama Masjid is located in the old city. It stands in front of the Red Fort across the road. It projects beautifully into the Old-Delhi skyline. It was built between 1644 and 1658.
Jama Masjid is one of the last architectural works done by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. The spacious courtyard of the Jama Masjid does hold thousands of Muslim faithfuls at a time. It was built in red sandstone and marble with the help of more than 5000 labors and artisans. It was originally called as the Masjid-i-Jahan-Numa, which means mosque commanding view of the world. The Masjid stands at the center of the capital city of the Mughals, Shahjahanbad i.e. Delhi.
The Jama Masjid was completed under the supervision of the Prime Minister of Shah Jahan, Saadullah Khan. A total sum of 10 lakhs was spent on the construction of this holy place.
The Jama Masjid is built on a red sandstone porch, which is about 10 meters (30 feet) from the level of the ground and is about 1200 square meter in extent. It has three gateways in all, it has two minarets and four towers. The gateways in the south and north are led by a fleet of steps. The main entrance is on the eastern side facing towards the red fort. It is believed that it was used by the emperors. The Jama Masjid tower is made up of five distinctive stories. Each one of the story has a projecting balcony. The adjoining edifices are also beautifully calligraphed.
The first three stories of the tower are made of red sandstone but the fourth one is made of marble, while the fifth is made of sandstone. The Jama Masjid has verses inscribed from the holy Quaran and is covered with intricate carvings. The grand Lal Qila (Red fort) stands on the eastern side of the Jama Masjid. The main prayer hall of Jama Masjid is made up of marble domes and high cusped arches. The cabinet in the north gate of the Masjid contains a collection of Muhammad's relics like a red beard-hair of the prophet, the Quran written on deerskin, his sandals and his footprints, implanted in a marble block etc.
As the Jama Masjid is situated in the heart of the capital city of India, you are served with numerous options. In old Delhi i.e. around Jama Masjid you can get many low cost and medium cost hotels and lodges. If you head towards New Delhi, you can have numerous options of 3 star, 5 star and 7 star hotels.
Khajuraho is a fascinating village situated in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. The fascinating temples of Khajuraho, India's unique gift of love to the world, represent the expression of a highly matured civilization. It is one of the very famous tourist places for both foreign and Indian tourists in India.
Temples of Khajuraho attract the visitors with their sculptural art, which is very exquisite and intricate. Perfect in execution and sublime in expressions these Khajuraho temples are a dedication to the womanhood. The artist's creative instincts have beautifully captured various facets and moods of life in stone.
History And Mythology :
The beautiful temples that dot the town of Khajuraho are believed to have been built by the mighty Chandela rulers in 9th and 10th century AD. The engravings on these temples are highly sensual and erotic.
Tantricism and the Shakti cult, where the pancha makaras (five tenets), namely, matsya (fish), madira (wine), maithun (sexual activity), mamsa (meat), and mudra (gesture) were to release the human spirit from the bondage of the flesh, have been described as the possible explanations for the sculptural sensuality of Khajuraho.
Out of 85 temples, only 20 have survived the ravages of time. Made of sandstone blocks fitted together, the temples are aligned east-west. For convenience, these may be divided into western, eastern, and southern groups of temples.
The temples are grouped into three geographical divisions: western, eastern and southern.
The Khajuraho temples are made of sandstone. The builders didn't use mortar: the stones were put together with mortise and tenon joints and they were held in place by gravity. This form of construction requires very precise joints. The columns and architraves were built with megaliths that weighed up to 20 tons.
The Saraswati temple on the campus of the Birla Institute of Technology and Science in Pilani, India, is modeled after the Khajuraho temples...
Last edited by Rikkrdo; 30th November 2012 at 07:38.
Located on the foot of a hill-- Sanchi is just 46 kms. from Bhopal. It is more of a village than a town. Sanchi is a religious place with historical and archaeological significance. Sanchi is known for its Stupas, monasteries, temples and pillars dating from the 3rd century BC to the 12th century AD The most famous of these monuments, the Sanchi Stupa 1, was originally built by the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka. The place is related to Buddhism but not directly to the life of Buddha. It is more related to Ashoka than to Buddha. Ashoka built the first Stupa and put up many pillars here. The crown of famous Ashoka pillars, with four lions standing back to back, has been adopted as the national emblem of India.
Sanchi adopted Buddhism, which replaced the prominent Hinduism. But time took its toll and slowly both the Stupas and the place was forgotten. In 1818 Sanchi was rediscovered and gradually historical and the religious significance of the place was recognized. Restoration work of the Stupas started in 1881 and finally between 1912 and 1919 these were carefully repaired and restored. It was accepted that the structure at Sanchi were the most organized construction which went into the engineering of temples in the medieval period. The carvings here are done with the precision of Jewellers.
Despite the damage and restoration work done Sanchi is the most evocative and attractive Buddhist site in India. Sanchi is primarily a place of Stupas and pillars but the gorgeous gateways add grace to the place. These gateways are beautifully carved and carry scenes from the life of Buddha or Ashoka. These gateways are the finest specimens of early classical art, which formed the seedbed of entire vocabulary of later Indian art. The images carved on the pillars and the Stupas tell moving stories of the incidents from the life of Buddha.