The Ships and the Airplanes are two of the biggest global systems of transportation for long distances. While the Airplane is the fastest transportation system available, it is also the most expensive one. On the other side, the Ship compensates the slow speed with some of the cheapest prices when it comes to the transportation of goods worlwide. The ships we see today are the result of thousands of years of evolution of the transportation on water. In the past, they were used for the War the shipping of raw materials. In the 20th Century, the ships became widely used for the transportation of passengers between Europe and the New World, and then for the new waves of tourism with the cruises. There are two kind of Ships, classified by the Length from the Bow (Front) to the Stern (Back). While the small ships have a length of less than 24 meters the big ships surpass those 24 meters. The Propulsion Systems that the Ships use are: the Mechanical Propulsion, by using Fuel-Oil & Diesel, and other methods such as
the Sailing and the Human Propulsion.
Throughout the History, the Ports were the strategic points of the civilizations. The biggest ports are the Container Terminals, among other ports who serve for Military purposes, Sports, Fishing, and those for cargoes of Oil and Gas. In order to get to the Port, the river or the sea must have a proper depth, called “Draft” or “Draught”. Finally, the docks protect the port from the waves of the water and it has a complex system of Signaling, with buoys and other elements.
Both the Ships and the Airplanes are the core of the international connection of the 20th Century. Though they are used for transportation of goods, the Airplanes were essential for the transportation of passengers over long distances. The age of the modern Airplanes started with the airplane of the Wright Brothers, evolving later from the Propeller Engines to the Jet Engines. Though the structure of the commercial and military airplanes may vary, they often share the same elements. Like the Wings, shaped in order to create the aerodynamic effect, the Vertical and Horizontal stabilizers, the Engine, and the Fuselage, who contains the pilot, payload, and flight systems. Also, in order to land and stay on the ground, the Airplane has the Landing Gear, a set of wheels
placed beneath the body
Lastly, the whole system is complete with the Airport. The Airport is divided into
two main areas: the AirSide, which includes the areas accessible to the aircrafts, such as taxiways, ramps, and runways. On the other side, the LandSide, containing the Terminals, the access roads, and the commercial areas. Also, the Airlines use certain airports of the world as their Airline Hubs, adding more routes before the final destination in order to fill the planes and to distribute the traffic in a more effective way.
The Ships and the Airplanes were and still are essential for the conquest and transportation of new parts of the Planet. The old civilizations spread through rivers and sea with the boats, while the new generations connected the biggest cities of the world with the new Airplanes on the air. As a prelude to the Space Age, both show us the unlimited ability of creation of the Humanity.