architect: Erick van Egeraat
Federation Island is a 330 ha artificial archipelago, located off the coast of Sochi, in the Russian Black Sea. The archipelago offers residences, hotels, cultural, leisure and recreational facilities.
Federation Island will be built in the shape of the Russian Federation and reflect the country's major geographical features. The Russian river network was used as a reference for the island's waterways; the high mountains inspire the island relief.
The project comprises seven main, more than a dozen private, and three breakwater islands. Sandy beaches, dunes, grasslands, bushes, small forests and riverside offer much variety for accommodation ranging from beach residences, luxury villas and apartments to dune, river and cliff houses.
The idea behind the design was not only to rebuild the geography of Russia, but also to maximise the coastline of the Island. Even though Russia has a very long overall coastline it is only the coast in the Sochi area that has a pleasant climate throughout all year; a humid subtropical climate with an average summer temperature of 25 to 28 degrees Celsius. Federation Island will increase the coastline of Sochi by 70 km.
The breakwater islands are required to protect the archipelago from big waves during stormy times.
The project is being developed by M-Industries of St. Petersburg and designed by Erick van Egeraat in co-operation with Dutch engineering companies Witteveen + Bos and Van Oord Dredging and Marine.
The buildings on the islands will involve a number of architects.